4K television display with comparison of resolutions.

At the moment, most clips sold by microstock agencies are full HD:

  • 1920 horizontal pixels x 1080 vertical pixels.

When I started producing stock footage in 2007, clips were sold in:

  • Standard definition: sometimes 720×576 (Europe), sometimes 720×480 (the USA and Japan).

Talking about Full HD:

  1. if you have a compatible monitor
  2. the program is shot and edited in full HD
  3. the Channel broadcasts in that resolution

you are watching a 1920×1080 video, which has some pixels five times bigger than the previous standard:

  • 2.073.600 Vs 414.720.

4K or Ultra HD is the next generation of definition:

  • About 4000×2000, usually 4096×2160 and sometimes 3840×2160

That means eight million pixels (4xFull HD).

Well, in life things are not always black or white. Grey is the colour of the world, and I’m going to tell you why 4k is probably the best choice today, but it is not as good as it seems. This a blog that teaches how to make money with stock images and stock footage. To make money in this world opinions are not important, what important are numbers. You can find this stat in the artist resources of Pond5:

Screenshot of artist reports on pond5.com

Full HD sales are 81.71% of the total income (sale sum distribution) of the Agency. 4k is just 10.48%. Now the big question:

Is it worth creating stock footage in 4k today?

According to me, the answer is:

Yes, if you make the right choices on the equipment.

Not just the camera, which is already quite cheap, but the editing hardware that you need to have if you want to use a professional workflow. Let me give you an example:

Some time ago I talked about this with a friend of mine who was trying to find how to make more money with Microstock and thought 4k could be an easy way to do it. He bought a new camera and made a one day 4k shooting. The problem is that he had a three years old computer, and the 4k video could not play smoothly (I’m just talking about the player, not the editing software that could be a problem even bigger).

Blue screen computer crash with hardware or software error ** Note: Slight graininess, best at smaller sizes

After a couple of hours of continuous crashes, he gave up. He tried the low-cost way, and he lost a lot of time which is exactly what you can’t do if you want to produce microstock with a professional workflow.

The second scenario is:

Spend your money and buy more powerful hardware:

  • Hard drives 4TB
  • the latest version of your editing software (for Mac users: are you sure you want to upgrade to FinalCutX?)
  • an ultra HD monitor
  • the fastest internet speed you can have.

The bill can be higher than you think.

Could it be a good idea?

Yes for those who want to be entrepreneurs rather than a hobbyist. Remember that being an entrepreneur is not just about spending money, which is the easier part. After using the credit card, you also need to work hard.

On the contrary for my friend it was too complicated to go that way, so he sent back the 4k camera he bought, and he continued producing full HD stock footage as he had always done before.

Now a statement that will surprise you:

If you are watching a video in an ultra HDTV 65 inches monitor and you’re more than two meters away from the screen, it is impossible that you notice if the video is:

  • 4k
  • or just full HD.

How many people have this big of a screen at home? How many people watch TV less than two meters away?

I’m going to tell you:

None.

Only when you’re inside a movie theatre, you will notice the difference, and it happens only if:

  1. films are shot in 4K
  2. films are edited in 4K
  3. films are projected in 4k.

The problem is not part 1 and part 3. The problem is the editing, which is often made in full HD timelines, therefore what you see in theatres sometimes is a fake 4k.

Smart tv and hand pressing remote control

Seventeen years ago I sold televisions in a big department store. At that time, brands like Sony, Samsung or Panasonic sold millions of monitors because they spent money to convince their customers that they had to change their:

  • convex screens
  • into flat screens.

The funny thing is that a few years ago marketing convinced consumers that they had to return to the curvature, this time a concave curvature. It’s not important what the real world is, what is important is what buyers want.

Today stores are selling mostly ultra HD TVs, but the most important question for a stock footage producer is:

In a couple of years will our buyers want only 4k content?

As I said before today, some 4k film is a full HD film, as producers don’t want to spend more money on editing to work with hardware that supports that resolution.

Do you remember when Avatar was released?

3D seemed to become the standard for any video.

Years after, can you say that this has happened?

Now I want to clarify: if we talk about time lapse and you create them with photo sequences, you can already export in 4k, at least if you shoot photos of 10 Megapixels or more.Daniele Carrer in Rome

It’s easy, but with real-time footage, I believe that your computer, if it’s older than a couple of years, would have a great chance of crashing during the editing (and your Internet connection will take more time to send the footage to your cloud or the agencies). In time-lapse, however, you can now export in full HD, or save the project to export in 4k when you are ready to work with faster hardware and a faster internet connection. I can do that with my time-lapse shot in 2007, as they were already shot with a 12 Megapixels reflex (do you remember? 4k is eight Megapixels!), but at the moment I don’t want to spend my time on it, because I have other things to do before to make more money.

There are still few economic benefits to sell the 4k stock footage. Shutterstock has this selling price:

  • 4k: sold for 199$
  • Full HD: sold for 79$

It seems to be an excellent thing for a producer, but actually, there are few buyers who want to pay 4k stock footage two and a half times what they pay for full HD. This is what I think now, but I can change my mind in the future.

Remember the story of the Champs-Elysées clip I shot in 2009?

This one:

Screenshot of sales of a clip shot in Champs_Elysées

It’s still my Pond5 best seller ($1327.50 of royalties for me). In 2009, I was one of the first producers who created full HD stock footage, even if I worked with a Canon HV20 Mini-DV that was not a professional camera. That’s why I made so much money with that.

  • Not for my technique
  • Not for the subject
  • Only because I decided to shoot in full HD before my competitors.

Producers wanted sharpness and colour quality; buyers wanted resolution. Still today, I make few hundred dollars a year with that clip, while my standard definition collection doesn’t sell anymore.

LUMIX DMC-FZ1000 cameraPanasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ1000 costs about $800 on Amazon and creates videos in 4K. I never used it, but I’m quite sure that despite having so many pixels the image quality is poorer than that of an economic reflex, but buyers can’t notice:
A pond5 player has a low-resolution, is highly compressed and has a watermark in the middle. The same happens with:

  • Shutterstock player
  • Storyblocks/Videoblocks player.

By the way:

do you know the price of 4k stock footage on Videoblocks?

  • $199, about $191 for the producer

If you sell only four of them, you’ve already paid for your Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ1000.

Now please don’t tell me your ideas aren’t clearer than before…

Daniele Carrer